Mold Heat Treatment Process

In the production process of the mold, the heat treatment of the steel is an important part of it.

Generally, heat treatment will be divided into the following process:
Forging process, which is an important part of the mold manufacturing process. For molds of high alloy tool steels, technical requirements are often imposed on metallographic structures such as material carbide distribution. In addition, the forging temperature range should be strictly controlled, the correct heating specification should be established, the correct forging force method should be used, and the post-forging slow cooling or timely annealing should be carried out.

Preparatory heat treatment, Pre-heat treatment processes such as annealing, normalizing or quenching and tempering should be used depending on the materials and requirements of the mold working parts to improve the structure, eliminate the structural defects of the forged blank, and improve the processing technology. The high-carbon alloy mold steel can eliminate the reticulated secondary cementite or chain carbide after proper preliminary heat treatment, so that the carbide is spheroidized and refined, and the uniformity of carbide distribution is promoted. This is beneficial to ensure the quality of quenching and tempering and improve the life of the mold.

Quenching and tempering, This is the key link in the heat treatment of the mold. If the superheat occurs during quenching and heating, not only will the workpiece cause greater brittleness, but also cause deformation and cracking during cooling, which seriously affects the life of the mold. Special care should be taken to prevent oxidation and decarburization during die quenching. The heat treatment process specification should be strictly controlled. Vacuum vacuum heat treatment can be used if conditions permit. After quenching, it should be tempered in time, and different tempering processes should be adopted according to technical requirements.

Stress relief annealing,The mold working parts should be subjected to stress relief annealing after rough machining, with purpose to eliminate the internal stress caused by roughing, so as to avoid excessive deformation and cracking caused by quenching. For molds with high precision requirements, it needs to be subjected to stress relief and tempering after grinding or electric machining, which is beneficial to stabilize mold precision and improve service life.


China Tool steelfactory|mold steel supplier|Special steel

press forged mold steel|hammer forged tool steel|ESR forged steel|

H13|1.2367|1.2365|1.2343|H11|SKD61|1.2344| D2|1.2085|SKD11|1.2436|1.2316|1.2085

QT hardness, quenched and tempered|flat bar| round bar|forged steel

bar|pre-heardened plastic mould steel